DO YOU KNOW WHICH FILAMENT SUITS

YOUR 3D PRINTING NEEDS?

We have talked many times about the different types of 3D printing filaments, but it is important to know which one best suits your needs. Before 3D printing, in addition to the right material, you must also pay attention to the proper storage of the filaments, as they must have the best  (original) properties.

And you know what… Right now we have ALL FlashForge filaments on huge SALE like we’ve never had before!

Filament za 3D tisk

This time we will focus on FFF 3D printers, as they are far the most used. Which filament to 3D print with? Shall we begin?

PLA FILAMENT

PLA is one of the first materials and the most commonly used thermoplastic material for FFF 3D printers. It is also known as polylactic acid, and its specialty is that it is obtained from natural materials and is therefore biodegradable. The low melting point allows fast printing at lower temperatures, without warping and odor. Because of these properties, PLA filament is mainly used for concept modeling and rapid prototyping.

PLA filament 3WAY

ABS FILAMENT

ABS material is a filament with high toughness and resistance to high temperatures. The surface of the model, made with ABS material, is smooth and flat, the best among all materials for printing on FFF 3D printers.

However, ABS filament has one disadvantage, namely that it emits a rather unpleasant smell during 3D printing. In addition, you need a well-sealed chamber to maintain a constant temperature. Otherwise, the printed designs may curl or shrink.

Intended for professional use, namely for the production of prototypes for smaller devices, and 3D printing of mechanical, automotive, or mobile phone parts.

ABS filament 3WAY

PETG FILAMENT

PETG is a filament reinforced with glycol and is a mixture of PLA and ABS material. This makes it tough and durable, resistant to higher temperatures, and 3D printing with it is easy.

The final surface of the model printed with PETG material is smoother than PLA. The advantage of PETG filament is that the models do not shrink or curl.

PETG filament 3WAY

ASA FILAMENT

ASA filament has similar properties to ABS but has the advantage that you can print with it on open types of 3D printers. It is relatively simple to 3D print, but it is durable, tough, and resistant to UV light. It is intended for the professional production of prototypes that must withstand high temperatures.

ASA filament 3WAY
ASA filament 3WAY

SUPPORTING MATERIALS

PVA in HIPS are the materials used for 3D printing supports. Their characteristic is that they are easier to remove from the model. The first is soluble in water and the second in Limonele. PVA provides a wider application, while HIPS is only compatible with ABS filament. Namely, it requires quite similar conditions for 3D printing to succeed in quality.

HIPS filament 3WAY
PVA filament 3WAY

MATERIALS FOR FUNCTIONAL USE

PC, PA (nylon), PAHT, CF (carbon fiber) are commonly used engineering materials for 3D printing of functional parts. With excellent thermal and chemical resistance, they can maintain superior mechanical properties over a wide temperature range. These are materials suitable for printing structural and functional parts.

PC

PC offers an extremely high level of strength, so it resists external impacts well. 3D printing with PC ensures very good adhesion of the layers, so the models are difficult to roll. The finishing products can withstand prolonged exposure to temperatures above 100°C. It is suitable for the production of small instrument parts, automotive parts, or high-performance parts in the aerospace industry.

PA

PA has the characteristics of high tensile strength, wear resistance, lightweight, and excellent lubricity. The surface of the print pieces is smooth, and resistant to heat and chemicals. Its toughness is better than that of PAHT and good for printing parts such as pump impeller, valve seat, bearing, instrument panel, air regulating valve, and so on.

CF

Commonly used carbon fiber composites include PA12-CF, PET-CF, PP-CF, PP-GF, PPS-CF, PLA-CF, and ABS-CF. Due to the contained carbon fiber, these filaments inherit some features from carbon fiber, like higher rigidity, stronger strength, and stiffness, excellent surface quality, dimensional stability, lightweight, and ease of printing.

These characteristics enable printouts of CF composite materials to get greatly improved mechanical properties, like high strength, lightweight, dimensional stability, and high heat resistance up to 160°C.

PA nylon filament 3WAY
Carbon Fiber filament 3WAY

WHICH 3D PRINTER SUPPORTS A SPECIFIC TYPE OF FILAMENT?

They are varying in water absorption rate, tensile strength, or flexural strength, hence requiring different 3D printing temperatures, different heating bed temperatures, and different printing conditions.

ADVENTURER 3

PLA, ABS, PETG, WOOD

CREATOR PRO 2

PLA, PVA, ABS, HIPS, PETG

ADVENTURER 4

ABS, PLA, PETG, PC, PLA-CF, PETG-CF

GUIDER IIs

PLA, TPU 95A, ABS, PETG, HIPS, PC, PA

CREATOR 3

ABS, PLA, PC, PA, PA-CF, PA-GF, ASA, PETG, HIPS, PVA

CREATOR 3 PRO

PLA, ABS, PA, PC, PVA, HIPS, PETG, WOOD, ASA, in PACF

CREATOR 4 (using HT extruder)

CF reinforced filaments, PETG, ASA, ABS, PLA, PC-ABS, and PAHT

We believe that soaked with all this information, you will find a solution for yourself. In the future, we will talk about filament storage, which can play a key role in the final products. You can have the best filament, but if not properly stored, it could lose many of its properties.